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Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla)
Coastal Balsam (Abies amabilis)
Western Redcedar (Thuja plicata)
Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis)
Custom Milling
Cedar Shingle Blocks

Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla)

Evergreen conifer native to west coast of North America (Northern California, Oregon, Washington, Northern Idaho, Western Montana, British Columbia, Southern Alaska)

State tree of Washington State.

shade-tolerant, regenerate very well naturally, “Self-prune” branches as they grow to produce a tall, branch-free trunk even grain hard (resistant to scraping)

Traditional First Nation uses:
inner bark: bread, cakes, eaten whipped with snow and eulachon grease.
wood: carvings, spoons, combs, roasting spits, dishes.
branches/needles: tea, spice
bark: tanning hides, red dye
roots: strengthen fishing lines.

Modern Uses:
Solid wood products: lumber, plywood, log homes, doors, windows, staircases, ladders, flooring, rail way ties, Timbers.

Non-solid wood products:
pulp, paper, & specialty cellulose.
Specialty cellulose is a material used in the manufacture of the following products:
wallpaper glue and other glues.
industrial yarn.
rayon filament for garments.
cigarette filters.
sponge products.
sausage casings.
food thickeners for ice cream, milkshakes and other food products.
agricultural chemicals.
eyewear – eyeglasses and contact lenses.

Coastal Balsam (Abies amabilis)

Evergreen conifer native to west coast of British Columbia, Oregon, and Washington and Southeast Alaska
Referred to as Pacific Silver Fir in US Pacific Northwest

Grow tall and straight with little taper.
Wood is light in weight and appearance and nearly odorless.

Traditional First Nation uses:
boughs: floor coverings, bedding.
bark: boiled for a tonic and for bathing.
needles: boiled for a tea to treat colds.
wood: house planks, firewood.

Modern Uses:
Solid Wood Products: Lumber, doors, windows, furniture parts, moldings, pulp, paper.

Western Red cedar (Thuja plicata)

Evergreen conifer native British Columbia, Oregon, and Washington and Southeast Alaska.

Provincial Tree of British Columbia.

Wood is extremely resistant to decay and insect damage.

Traditional First Nation uses:
wood: canoes, totem poles, longhouses, household boxes, tools, utensils, paddles, masks, helmets, armor, and many other art and utility objects.
bark: mats, rope and cordage, baskets, clothing, medicines, masks, rain hats, clothing, and other soft goods.
branches: cords for fishing line, rope cores, twine.

Modern Uses:
house siding, interior paneling, outdoor furniture, decking, fencing, roof shakes, utility poles.

Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis)

Evergreen conifer native to coastal British Columbia, Oregon, Washington and Southeast Alaska.

Largest species of spruce in the world.
3rd tallest conifer species in the world (after Coastal Redwood & Coastal Douglas Fir)
Wood is light, soft, strong, and flexible.

Traditional First Nation uses:
roots: hats, baskets, ropes, fishing lines, twine.
inner bark/young shoots: source of vitamin C, laxative.
pitch: caulk and waterproof boats, harpoons and fishing gear, medicine for burns, boils and other skin irritants, glue.
wood: carving.

Modern Uses:
Lumber, ship building, plywood, musical instruments, airplane construction, pulp, paper.


Contact Coast Tsimshian Resources office at 250-615-2040 x 101 for information on obtaining firewood permits for the Coast Tsimshian log yard.


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